Climate Neutrality Foundation (2021): Create planning security for the electricity sector with a carbon floor price. Regulatory proposal. (in German)

Regulatory proposal “A carbon floor price for power generation”

The German government’s new climate targets call for a 65% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. According to analyses by the Climate Neutrality Foundation, this target can only be achieved by bringing forward the phase-out of coal from the current 2038 to 2030. Although such a development is likely as a result of the climate targets also recently raised in the EU, it should be secured by a carbon floor price in the German power sector, in order to create planning security. Based on a study by the Öko-Institut and a legal opinion by the Stiftung Umweltenergierecht, Climate Neutrality Foundation proposes the introduction of a national carbon floor price for the electricity sector.

May 2021 | Link to the publication

Climate Neutrality Foundation (2021): Climate protection and species conservation - How the conflict of goals in the expansion of wind energy can be resolved constructively. Regulatory proposal. (in German)

Regulatory proposal “Climate Protection and Species Conservation”

Onshore wind turbines with an installed capacity of 80 GW will be needed by 2030, and as much as 145 GW by 2045. At the end of 2020, however, only just under 55 GW had been installed. However, the expansion of onshore wind energy has slumped massively in the last three years. In addition to the lack of available land, one of the main reasons for this slump is the unresolved conflict of objectives with species protection. Disputes are increasingly ending up in the courts; so far, it has not been possible to reconcile climate protection and species conservation. Based on an expert opinion and a legal opinion, Climate Neutrality Foundation has developed a proposal for resolving the conflict of goals between climate protection and species protection in the expansion of wind energy.

May 2021 | Link to the publication


Prognos, Öko-Institut, Wuppertal Institut (2021): Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany by 2045. How Germany can reach its climate targets before 2050. Executive Summary conducted for Stiftung Klimaneutralität, Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende.

Publication “Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany 2045”

The study Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany 2045, commissioned in cooperation with Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende, uses scenarios to show how Germany can become climate neutral by 2045. The previous study, Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany 2050, describes how the target set by the German parliament can be achieved by mid-century. With the present study, we show that climate neutrality is also possible as early as 2045. This once again significantly reduces the total greenhouse gas emissions released. The fundamental premises of the 2050 study still apply: the path is realistic, the goal will be achieved within the usual investment and life cycles and while maintaining economic viability and social acceptance. Key levers for additional acceleration are a faster expansion of renewables, a more rapid hydrogen ramp-up, accelerated electrification in transport, further strengthening of building retrofits, and larger market shares of plant-based instead of animal-based protein products in the period after 2030.

April 2021 | Link to the publication

Prognos (2021): Climate neutrality and security of supply in the electricity market: assessment of security of supply up to 2030 of the scenarios KN2050 and KN2045 from the study "Towards a cllimate-neutral Germany". Study conducted for Climate Neutrality Foundation. (in German)

Study on security of supply on the way to climate neutrality

The scenarios Climate-Neutral Germany 2045 and Climate-Neutral Germany 2050 describe paths to climate neutrality in Germany in 2045 and 2050, respectively. In this context, the question arises as to how security of supply can be guaranteed in such a rapidly changing electricity system. The Climate Neutrality Foundation commissioned Prognos to investigate the question of supply security on the electricity market. The study presented here provides analyses of supply security in the Climate Neutrality Scenarios and provides an outlook on systemic measures to ensure supply security.

April 2021 | Link to the publication

Climate Neutrality Foundation (2021): Smart Carbon Pricing for Cars. Regulatory proposal.

Regulatory proposal “Smart carbon pricing for cars”

Transport is the problem child of climate policy. Without a massive ramp-up of electromobility, we will not achieve our climate targets. A switch to 14 million electric vehicles must succeed by 2030. Climate Neutrality Foundation has commissioned a legal opinion to investigate the options available to national legislators. On the basis of this legal opinion, the foundation is making a proposal on how the vehicle tax can be developed into a smart carbon pricing system. The aim is to create cost parity in the purchase of electric vehicles and vehicles with combustion engines and thus accelerate the drive turnaround.

March 2021 | Link to the publication

Climate Neutrality Foundation (2021): How to increase the availability of land for onshore wind energy rapidly and with legal certainty. Regulatory proposal.

Regulatory proposal “More Land for Wind Energy”

On the way towards climate neutrality, wind energy will become the most important source of energy in Germany. To accelerate the necessary expansion of wind energy in Germany, significantly more qualified areas must be made available for onshore wind. We propose a new approach towards the so-called concentration zone planning in the Federal Building Code, which can be implemented quickly. The proposal is based on a legal opinion by Professor Martin Kment, an environmental and planning lawyer from Augsburg. The proposed regulation creates a positive incentive for municipalities and states to make sufficient areas available for wind energy.

January 2021 | Link to the publication



Prognos, Öko-Institut, Wuppertal Institut (2020): Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany. Executive Summary conducted for Agora Energiewende, Agora Verkehrswende and Stiftung Klimaneutralität.

Publication “Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany”

The large-scale study “Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany”, commissioned in cooperation with Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende, shows how Germany can become climate-neutral by 2050, with cost-effectiveness, adherence to existing investment cycles and acceptance as core criteria. This is possible through the consistent application of technologies that are already available today or are well developed. Climate neutrality requires an electricity system based entirely on renewable energies. Road transport and heat supply will largely switch to electricity-based solutions. The efficient refurbishment of existing buildings and the establishment of a hydrogen economy for industry, power generation, shipping and aviation are essential.

October 2020 | Link to the publication